miércoles, 31 de mayo de 2017

TOURISM IN SPAIN IN THE 20th CENTURY

Some students from the last academic year have contributed to our bolg with a tour about Spanish tourism from the 30's to our days through a collection of pictures.


The presentations have been made by: 
We hope you enjoy with them!!

martes, 30 de mayo de 2017

A typical Spanish dish:Potatoes to the poor with egg and peppers

Primero pelamos las patatas y cuando estén peladas las lavamos con un poco de agua,después lavamos los pimientos y cuando ya estén lavados ,ponemos una sartén en el fuego y le echamos un poco de aceite para freir las patatas,las dejamos casi 10 minutos o menos hasta que las veamos hechas y listas para comer,ponemos otra sartén al fuego y ahí echamos los pimientos durante unos 6 o 8 minutos ,ya hechas las patatas preparamos el huevo y lo rompemos para que caiga en una nueva sartén también con un poco de aceite ,le echamos un poco de sal por encima,lo dejamos hasta que ya lo vemos listo.
Al acabar de hacer los pimientos, las patatas y el huevo,ya tenemos hecho el almuerzo de hoy:Patatas a lo pobre con pimientos y huevo,una de nuestras recetas tradicionales.








TOURISM AND FOOD: INDIA, SPAIN, NORWAY

FROM INDIA : MOMOS.

The momos are empanadillas that can be eaten in different states, fried or steamed.
Momos are the most typical and healthy of india.

INGREDIENTS

For the mass:
3 cups wheat flour
Water 1 pinch of salt.

 For the filling:
1 cup finely chopped vegetables (spinach, mushrooms, carrots ...)
1/2 potato cooked and crushed with a fork
1/2 onion chopped
1 bunch of chives, green part, cut into strips
2 cloves garlic
The equivalent of 1 dinte garlic in very chopped ginger
2 tablespoons chopped fresh cilantro.


    
FROM SPANISH: PAELLA.

Ingredients for 6 people:

600 grams of rice
400 grams of chicken meat
300 grams of pork
250 grams of prawns
200 grams of mussels
250 grams of mixture of green beans and flat beans
1 small sepia
1 can of fried or crushed tomato
1 red pepper
½ onion
1 tablespoon sweet paprika
1 tablespoon of food coloring or 1/3 tablespoon of saffron
1 clove garlic Salt
Virgin olive oil.


FROM NORWAY :SMOKED SALMON.


Ingredients

1 salmon of two kilos or so
2 cans of salt (Buy in the market)
2 tablespoons dill

Extra virgin olive oil.

Typical Spanish dish

GAZPACHO


Ingredients(for 4 people):

- 1Kg of ripe tomatoes.
-2 small green peppers.
-2 garlic cloves.
-100g of bread.
-4 tablespoons soups of extra virgin olive oil.
- 1 tablespoon of vinegar.
-Water(what you want).
-A egg boiled.
-Salt 


Preparation:

In a bowl, whisk the bread (previously soaked) and the vegetables chopped with the oil, vinegar, salt and water as desired. Then, beats everything and the dish is ready to eat.

Typical spanish dish: Omelette


Spanish Omelette
  

This classic Spanish dish is very versatile and quick to whip up. The tortilla (or Spanish omelette) can be served hot or cold and is a fantastic way to use up all kinds of ingredients.


  • WHAT INGREDIENTS YOU NEED TO MAKE A SPANISH OMELETTE?

        500g  potato

    150ml extra-virgin olive oil

    2 eggs


 Preparation Time: 10 minutes
Cooking Time: 20 to 25 minutes



  • How to Make an Spanish Omelette


Scrape the potatoes or leave the skins on, if you prefer. Cut them into thick slices.


Heat the oil in a large frying pan, add the potatoes and stew gently, partially covered, for 30 minutes, stirring occasionally until the potatoes are softened. Strain the potatoes  through a colander into a large bowl (set the strained oil aside).

Beat the eggs separately, then stir into the potatoes. Heat a little of the strained oil in a smaller pan. Tip everything into the pan and cook on a moderate heat.
 

When almost set, invert on a plate and slide back into the pan and cook a few more minutes. Invert twice more, cooking the omelette briefly each time and pressing the edges to keep the cushion shape. Slide on to a plate and cool for 10 minutes before serving.

 

STEPS TO MAKE A SPANISH OMELETTE BY PHOTOS:












TOURISM AND FOOD: INDIA, SPAIN, NORWAY

FROM INDIA:CHANA MASALA

The Chana Masala is a typical dish of northern India in which its main ingredient is the chickpea. It is a very spicy dish with a rather acidic taste. It is very popular mainly in Panyab, consumed in the northwest of India, of Guyarat and Sind.

The dish consists mainly of chickpeas, onions, diced tomatoes, curcuma, coriander seeds, garlic, chiles and ginger.




FROM NORWAY: SMOKED SALMON


In Europe, smoked salmon is prepared mainly from the Salmo salar species from salmon farming in Norway, Scotland or Ireland, while in North America it is mainly produced on the east coast of Canada . Salmon farming also recently developed in Chile, being the second largest producer in the world.

The ingredients are:1 loin of salmon,1 packet of smoked salt, Oil, Dill 



FROM SPAIN: OMELETTE


It is an omelette with potatoes, although you can also add more ingredients like onion. 
It is one of the best known dishes. 

The ingredients are:
6 eggs,
3 potatoes,
1 small onion,
1 green pepper,
2 glasses of olive oil,  a pinch of  salt 
and a leaf of parseley.


TOURISM AND FOOD: INDIA, SPAIN, NORWAY

TYPICAL FOOD OF INDIA,NORWAY AND SPAIN



FROM INDIA: Biryani



The biryani is a dish of rice from Pakistani cuisine and Indian cuisine made with a mixture of spices as well as basmati rice, meat / vegetables and yogurt. There are many varieties of biryani and each type has its unique characteristics.

The biryani has an uncertain origin, some authors indicate its possible Persian origin because the denomination of the plate comes from Persian beryān that means "fried before cooking".
FROM NORWAY: Reindeer meat
  
The venison can be eaten in fillets, turnós, roasts, sausages, in cecina or chopped. It tastes like veal. It tends to have a finer texture and be leaner than equivalent cuts of veal,but can also be hard.
Deer leg over apple sauce with ball and vegetables.

Sometimes the grafts are also consumed, but they are not called "deer" but the term "deer" is preferred (as in deer pie). Deer have fewer calories, cholesterol and fat than most cuts of beef, pork and lamb, about 158 kcal per 100 g.
FROM SPAIN: Paella
 Paella is a recipe of rice based cuisine, originating in the Valencian Community and nowadays very popular throughout Spain and also in other countries; In this recipe the rice is cooked along with other foods in a wide skillet, commonly called paella.

 It is a dish of humble origin, described for the first time in Spain in the Albufera area of Valencia.

The popularity of this dish has made it, at present, has expanded with a lot of variants adapted in the ingredients to the various regions of Spanish cuisine. The paella has become one of the icons of the Spanish gastronomy.

lunes, 29 de mayo de 2017

2017 Tourism and Sustainability

        

 
SPAIN




POPULATION

The current population of Spain is 46 millions of inhabitants, based on the latest United Nations estimates.Spain population is equivalent to 0.61% of the total world population.Spain ranks number 30 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.The median age in Spain is 43.7 years.

Live expectancy in Spain:Spaniards have one of the highest levels of life expectancy in the world, about 82.8 years on average, just below Japan, Switzerland or Singapore. •OBEXITY INDEX


26.1% are overweight and 19.1% are obese.


Tourism: Spain is a country with an excellent services sector, among the three most visited countries in the world, that all the millions of travelers attracted by its beaches and pleasant climate, the abundant artistic patrimony of the country and the gastronomic wealth.


NORWAY







The current population of Norway is 5,319,894 as of Wednesday, April 26, 2017, based on the latest United Nations estimates.


Norway population is equivalent to 0.07% of the total world population.


79.8 % of the population is urban (4,251,706 people in 2017)


•The median age in Norway is 39.2 years.


•Life expectancy:In 2015 life expectancy in Norway rose to 82.4 years. That year the life expectancy of women was 84.2 years.•Fooding:he typical Norwegian food is smoked salmon, whale, cod, game meat and cheese, thanks to restrictions on junk food advertising and the promotion of fruit and vegetable consumption and physical exercise in schools.
OBEXITY INDEX:21,5%

INDIA







•It is the second country in the world by population with more than 1240 millions of habitants after the Republic of China, the 54% are men and 46% are women, her spectative life for men is 63 and for women 67.


•LIFE EXPECTANCY•68,01 years •Fooding: The population is vegetarian, the base of Indian food in the South is rice and in the North is wheat, the tipics dishes of the country are: the dhal, vegetables and curry.





I would like to live one year in the India because is very important to learn many other forms to live in a poor country and costum about this city. I would like to try to eat the typical food in India and visit the most importants places here.

TOURISM AND FOOD:NORWAY,INDIA,SPAIN

NORWAY TYPICAL FOOD: LAMB






Lamb is also a typical Norwegian food,
considered one of the best meats in the world.
The pastures where sheep and lambs feed and the climate and
the low pollution of the country,
make lamb meat a pleasure for the senses.

The ribs or lamb chops are very typical at Christmas time.
And, moreover, there is a dish for the less scrupulous: the smalahove.



INDIA TYPICAL FOOD:SAMOSA


The samosas, possibly the most international Indian food,
are a kind of empanadillas stuffed with potatoes, onions,
peas and other vegetables, seasoned with cumin and spicy,
although we can also eat stuffed chicken.










SPAIN TYPICAL FOOD:GAZPACHO

 

 

It is a traditional cold soup that can be found in
different regions of Spain like Extremadura,
Andalucía or Castilla-La Mancha. The most popular
is the Andalusian that is made, among other ingredients with tomatoes,
peppers and garlic.
Besides being healthy it is an example of our Mediterranean diet.

 



2017 TOURISM SUSTAINBILITY








India
Bhārat Gaṇarājya

SOCIAL INFORMATION


POPULATION:

India Population

1,339,622,451


The current population of India is 1,339,553,600 as of Tuesday, April 25, 2017, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
  • India population is equivalent to 17.86% of the total world population.
  • India ranks number 2 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in India is 452 per Km2 (1,169 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 2,972,892 Km2 (1,147,839 sq. miles)
  • 32.8 % of the population is urban (439,801,466 people in 2017)
  • The median age in India is 26.9 years.





LIFE EXPECTANCY

  • Childrens:
Economic growth in India has been strong over the past decade, especially in the information technology sector. But this rising tide has not lifted all boats. Significant disparities remain, with a large number of children still living in deprived conditions.

India: For some,no hope of a better life.

Millions of Indians still live in desperate poverty with no chance of bettering themselves. While the caste system is no longer as rigid as it was a century ago, it still determines the destiny of millions. In Mumbai, for example, almost everyone who works at the world’s biggest laundry, Dhobi Ghat, comes from the Dhobi, the washerman caste.



LIFE EXPECTANCY

68,01 years



FEEDING

This is a list of Indian dishes. Indian cuisine encompasses a wide variety of regional cuisines native to India. Given the range of diversity in soil type, climate and occupations, these cuisines vary significantly from each other and use locally available spices, herbs, vegetables and fruits. The dishes are then served according to taste in either mild, medium or hot. Indian food is also heavily influenced by religious and cultural choices and traditions. Some Indian dishes are common in more than one region of India.



OBESITY INDEX

State Males% Males rank Females Females rank
India 12.1 14 16 15




TOURISM


Tourism in India is economically important and is growing rapidly. The World Travel & Tourism Council calculated that tourism generated 14.02 lakh crore (US$220 billion) or 9.6% of the nation's GDP in 2016 and supported 40.343 million jobs, 9.3% of its total employment.


TAJ MAHAL

The monument is a major tourist destination in India. In 1983, it was recognized by Unesco as a World Heritage Site for being "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the world heritage masterpieces admired universally.


SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

According to the Indian government, 94% of individuals today have access to the electric power transportation network in cities. However, only 67% are in this case in rural areas, ie no less than 300 million individuals, which would correspond to a quarter of the Indian population, who still do not have access to electricity in this country.



SPAIN

SOCIAL INFORMATION



POPULATION:

Spain Population

46,069,136

The current population of Spain is 46,069,128 as of Tuesday, April 25, 2017, based on the latest United Nations estimates.

  • Spain population is equivalent to 0.61% of the total world population.
  • Spain ranks number 30 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Spain is 92 per Km2 (239 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 498,535 Km2 (192,485 sq. miles)
  • 82.4 % of the population is urban (37,981,331 people in 2017)
  • The median age in Spain is 43.7 years.


LIFE EXPECTANCY

83,08 years

In its annual global health survey, the organization noted that not only Spaniards are in fourth place with Australia in average longevity, but that Spanish women are among the longest-living women in the world with 85.5 years 80.1 years on average among men.


FEEDING

A typical bar will have a good variety of "pinchos" or "tapas" (small portions of food) that vary from one region to another and are often included in the price of the drink. Like restaurants, many of the bars also offer daily menus.

OBEXITY INDEX

26.1% are overweight and 19.1% are obese.






TOURISM

Spain is a neighboring country with an excellent infrastructure in the services sector, ranking among the three most visited countries in the world, that all the millions of travelers attracted by its beaches and pleasant climate, the abundant artistic patrimony of the country and the gastronomic wealth, besides Of one of the richest nations in cultural heritage of the planet.


SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

The Spanish Strategy for Sustainable Development has been prepared by the Interministerial Group for the Review of the Sustainable Development Strategy of the European Union and the preparation of the Spanish Strategy for Sustainable Development under the coordination of the Economic Office of the President of the Spanish Government.






NORWAY

SOCIAL INFORMATION


POPULATION

Norway Population 

5,320,189


The current population of Norway is 5,319,894 as of Wednesday, April 26, 2017, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
  • Norway population is equivalent to 0.07% of the total world population.
  • Norway ranks number 119 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Norway is 15 per Km2 (38 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 366,108 Km2 (141,355 sq. miles)
  • 79.8 % of the population is urban (4,251,706 people in 2017)
  • The median age in Norway is 39.2 years.



LIFE EXPECTANCY

81,75 years

In 2015 life expectancy in Norway rose to 82.4 years. That year the life expectancy of women was 84.2 years, higher than that of men who was 80.5 years. Norway has risen in the list of the 191 countries of which we publish Life Expectancy.



FEEDING

Norwegian cuisine is based, in its most traditional form, largely on the raw materials available in your country which, as is known, is dominated by mountains, wilderness and the sea.




OBEXITY INDEX

21,5%



TOURISM

The place with more visits in Norway is The Fjord Norway:

The Fjord Norway

Western Norway is a region of narrow fjords that cut high mountains, waterfalls descending the mountain slopes and glaciers that never melt. Spectacular architecture and exciting local cuisine, made with its own ingredients, make this experience something unique.



MY PERSONAL OPINION

Positive aspects
I would like live in Norway because there are many good job options, I think it would be healthy to live in another country and meet new people. I also like the landscapes they have.

Negative aspects
The negatives would be being separated from my family and friends.




Gema Morales Montes

2017 Tourism and Sustainability



INDIA

It is a country located in South Asia. With its more than 1240 million inhabitants, it is the second country in the world by population, after the People's Republic of China (with 1370 million) and the most populous democracy in the world.


 Its surface area is 3 287 263 km, 3 which ranks it in seventh place among the largest countries on Earth. It borders with the Indian Ocean to the South, with the Arabian Sea to the West and the Bay of Bengal to the East, along a coastline of more than 7517 kilometers. In addition, the India is located near the islands of Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia. Its capital is New Delhi and its most populous city is Bombay.

It has a historical region by its trade routes and great empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified by its commercial and cultural wealth in most of its long history.



The India became a nation independent in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by a motion of non-violence. In 2017, the Indian economy is the third largest in the world and sixth in terms of nominal GDP. The economic reforms of 1991 have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies, However, it still suffers from problems such as high levels of poverty, illiteracy, pandemics, malnutrition and constant violations of the rights of women. In addition to a religious, multilingual and multi-ethnic plural society, the India also houses several different habitats protected flora and fauna.


SPAIN


It is a sovereign country, a member of the European Union, constituted in a social and democratic State of law and whose form of Government is a parliamentary monarchy. Its territory, with its capital in Madrid, is organized into seventeen autonomous communities and two autonomous, shaped cities these, in turn, by fifty provinces .

It is a transcontinental country located south of Western Europe as well as North Africa. In Europe, it occupies most of the Iberian peninsula, known as mainland Spain and the Balearic Islands archipelago. The cities of Ceuta and Melilla, the Canary Islands, the islas Chafarinas, the Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, Alhucemas Islands, and the island of Alboran are found in Africa.

It has an area of 505 370 km, being the fourth largest country in the continent, after Russia, Ukraine and France. With an average altitude of 650 meters above sea level it is one of the most mountainous countries in Europe. Its population is 46 468 102 inhabitants (2016). The peninsular territory shares land borders with France and Andorra to the North, Portugal to the West and the British territory of Gibraltar to the South.

According to the Constitution, the Castilian is the official Spanish language of the State and all Spaniards have the duty of know it and the right to use it.

Spain is a tourist power, as it is the third most visited country in the world, with 75.3 million tourists in 2016, and the second country in the world in economic revenue from tourism. In the 3rd century BC. Roman intervention took place in the Peninsula, which led to a subsequent conquest of what most evening, become Hispania.

At the beginning of the 19th, after successive wars in Latin America, it loses most of its colonies, increasing this situation with the disaster of the 98. During this century, there would also be a war against the French invaders, a series of civil wars, a short-lived Republic again replaced by a constitutional monarchy and the process of modernization of the country.

A Constitutional Republic was proclaimed in the first third of the 20th century, and began a civil war, the result of a military coup that would lead to power to general Franco. The country was under his dictatorship until his death in 1975, when it began a transition to democracy, which advocates freedom, justice, equality and political pluralism as higher values of the legal system.


NORWAY


It is a sovereign State of Northern Europe, whose form of Government is parliamentary democratic monarchy. Its territory is divided into nineteen provinces.

Together with Sweden, Finland and a part of Russia, it forms the Scandinavian peninsula. Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands are also part of the Norwegian national territory. Bouvet Island, in the South Atlantic, and Peter I Island, in the South of the Pacific Ocean, are considered dependencies and therefore do not form part of the Kingdom as such. Norway is one of the countries that claims to Antarctic Territory: the land of Queen Maud.

Its territory, located between the parallel 57 ° and 71° North latitude and between the Meridian 4 ° and 31 ° length this, along its extensive Atlantic coast, Norway has many fjords, valleys of origin glacier which are an icon of the country.

Since the second world war, the country has experienced rapid economic growth and is today one of the richest countries in the world. Norway is the third largest exporter of oil in the world after Russia and Saudi Arabia and its oil industry represents a quarter of its GDP. The country also possesses abundant natural resources such as hydropower, natural gas, minerals, fishing and forestry. In 2006 was the world's second exporter of marine fisheries after China.

By 2015 it was classed as the country with the highest human development index (0,949), a place that has held 13 times since 1990. Since that date, it was only surpassed by Iceland in 2006. In 2007, he was hailed as the most peaceful in the world according to the Global Peace index, although since then country has lost positions and located in seventeenth place in 2015. It is also known for being one of the safest countries, as well as the most democratic according to a report by 2014 from The Economist.

The official language is Norwegian in two written forms: bokmål and nynorsk, a norgermanica is related directly to the Danish and the Swedish language. For the most part, the speakers of Norwegian, Danish and Swedish can understand each other.


I would like to live for one year in Norway because it is very beautiful and attractive.